Landforms of Costa Rica

Cocos Island: The Pristine Marine Sanctuary of the Eastern Pacific

Cocos Island, known as Isla del Coco in Spanish, is a remote and pristine volcanic island located in the Eastern Tropical Pacific, south of Costa Rica's Osa Peninsula. This island is a natural wonder teeming with unique biodiversity and rich marine life. Cocos Island and its surrounding marine environments are protected as part of the Cocos Island National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Irazú Volcano: Costa Rica's Colossal Guardian

Irazú Volcano, an awe-inspiring active stratovolcano, is a prominent feature in Costa Rica's Cordillera Central. Close to the city of Cartago, this natural wonder is the highest active volcano in the country. Its rich history, significant eruptions, and diverse ecosystems are preserved within the boundaries of the Irazú Volcano National Park, a haven for nature enthusiasts and researchers alike.

Mount Chirripó and Chirripó National Park: Costa Rica's Crowning Glories

Mount Chirripó (Cerro Chirripó) stands tall as the highest mountain in Costa Rica. This majestic peak is located within the boundaries of the renowned Chirripó National Park, a true gem of ecological wealth and biodiversity. The mountain's name, "Chirripo," meaning "land of eternal waters," was bestowed by Native Americans, aptly reflecting the abundance of lakes and streams that grace its surroundings.

Nicoya: A Blend of Biodiversity and Heritage in Costa Rica

The Nicoya Peninsula and the Gulf of Nicoya are two of Costa Rica's most captivating regions, known for their stunning landscapes, rich biodiversity, and vibrant cultural heritage. Situated along the northern section of the Pacific coast, the Nicoya Peninsula stretches across two provinces, while the Gulf of Nicoya indents the west-central part of the coastline. These areas offer a unique blend of natural beauty and historical significance.