Ecoregions of the Caribbean

Bahamian Ecoregions: A Comprehensive Look at Dry Forests, Pine Mosaics, and Mangroves in the Caribbean

The Bahamas boasts a remarkable array of natural environments. This region's ecological diversity is vividly expressed through three primary ecoregions: the Bahamian dry forests, the Bahamian pine mosaic or Bahamian pineyard, and the Bahamian mangroves. Each of these ecoregions, with its distinctive features and ecological roles, extends beyond the Bahamas into neighboring Caribbean islands such as the Turks and Caicos Islands and the Cayman Islands.

Ecoregions of the Windward Islands: An In-Depth Exploration

The Windward Islands, located in the southeastern Caribbean Sea, are part of the Lesser Antilles and include islands such as Dominica, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, and Grenada. Due to their diverse topography, climatic conditions, and unique geological history, these islands exhibit various ecoregions. Among the most significant ecoregions are the Windward Islands' moist forests, dry forests, and xeric scrub.

The Diverse and Captivating Trinidad and Tobago Moist Forests

The Trinidad and Tobago moist forests ecoregion covers most of the two-island nation located off the northeastern coast of South America. While small portions of the islands are home to other habitat types, such as mangroves and dry forests, the moist forests dominate the landscape and support an exceptionally diverse flora and fauna.

The Leeward Islands Dry Forests: Echoes of Resilience

Nestled amidst the azure waters of the eastern Caribbean Sea, the Leeward Islands dry forests ecoregion sprawls across secluded corners of the Leeward Islands. Characterized by gentle relief and moderate rainfall, this ecoregion, though weathered by centuries of deforestation, still retains echoes of its former magnificence, offering glimpses into its enduring beauty.

The Leeward Islands Moist Forests: A Vibrant Tapestry of Island Ecosystems

The Leeward Islands moist forests ecoregion is captivating and diverse. It spans the northern islands of the Lesser Antilles chain in the eastern Caribbean Sea. The ecoregion within this vibrant island arc is characterized by rugged, volcanic mountains cloaked in lush tropical forests—a testament to the resilience and richness of island ecosystems. The ecoregion showcases the remarkable diversity that can thrive within these isolated yet interconnected Caribbean islands.

The Leeward Islands Xeric Scrub: A Resilient Ecosystem

Stretching across the northern reaches of the Lesser Antilles, the Leeward Islands Xeric Scrub Ecoregion encompasses a diverse array of dry, non-forested habitats on the peripheries of these sun-drenched islands. From the sandy shores to the arid savannas, this ecoregion supports a resilient community of plants and animals adapted to the region's semi-arid conditions and the impacts of human land use over centuries.