Ecoregions of Brazil

Beneath the Canopy: Exploring Brazil's Araucaria Moist Forests

Located in the mountainous regions of Southern Atlantic Brazil and extending into northeastern Argentina, the Araucaria moist forests ecoregion is a remarkable example of the ecological abundance found within the Atlantic Forest biome. This coniferous forest ecoregion boasts diverse landscapes, unique flora, and a rich biodiversity.

Brazil's Emerald Necklace: A Journey into the Serra do Mar Coastal Forests

The Serra do Mar Coastal Forests, an ecoregion nestled along the southeastern coast of Brazil, stand as a bastion of biodiversity and ecological richness within the Atlantic Forest biome. This ecoregion encompasses a mosaic of montane forests, high summits, and lush valleys, creating a haven for many plant and animal species. These forests remain a vital stronghold for conservation efforts, harboring endemic species and a critical center of endemism in South America.

Discovering the Upper Paraná Atlantic Forests: A Treasure of Biodiversity

The Upper Paraná Atlantic forests, also known as "Selva Paranaense," represent a verdant expanse of tropical moist forests nestled within the South American Atlantic Forest biome. This ecoregion, characterized by its rich biodiversity and ecological significance, stretches across the southern reaches of the Brazilian Highlands, extending through southern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, and northeastern Argentina.

Guardians of the Green: Pernambuco's Coastal and Interior Forests

The Brazilian state of Pernambuco, located in the northeastern part of the country, is home to two distinct but ecologically significant ecoregions: the Pernambuco Coastal Forests and the Pernambuco Interior Forests. These ecoregions are vital to Brazil's Atlantic Forest, one of the world's most diverse and endangered ecosystems. Characterized by unique flora and fauna, these forests are crucial for biodiversity conservation, climate regulation, and sustaining local communities.

The Atlantic Dry Forests of Brazil: Biodiversity and Conservation

The Atlantic dry forests of Brazil are an extraordinary ecoregion characterized by their unique flora and fauna, complex climate, and significant ecological importance. Spanning the coastal regions of northeastern Brazil, these forests are a crucial component of the Atlantic Forest biome. They are renowned for their biodiversity and the critical ecological functions they perform.

The Chiquitano Dry Forests: A Biodiverse Haven

Nestled in the heart of eastern Bolivia and extending into western Brazil, the Chiquitano dry forests ecoregion is a unique and biodiverse haven characterized by its distinct vegetation and remarkable adaptation to a semi-arid climate. This ecoregion is a tapestry of dry forests, savannas, and gallery forests, providing a glimpse into nature's resilience and the intricate interplay between flora and fauna.

The Guianan Highlands Moist Forests: A Tapestry of Rainforests and Savannas on the Ancient Guiana Shield

The Guianan Highlands moist forests ecoregion is a captivating and unique landscape in northern South America. This region is a mosaic of rainforests, savannas, and gallery forests covering parts of Venezuela, Guyana, Brazil, Suriname, French Guiana, and Colombia. Sitting on the ancient Guiana Shield, this ecoregion is a testament to the geological forces that have shaped it over millions of years, creating a remarkable biodiverse ecosystem.

The Guianan Moist Forests: A Vast and Pristine Rainforest Expanse in Northeastern South America

Stretching across the northeastern coast of South America, the Guianan moist forests ecoregion is one of the world's most extensive tracts of relatively pristine lowland tropical rainforests. This vast expanse of verdant wilderness spans the Guianas—Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana—and parts of eastern Venezuela and northern Brazil. The Guianan moist forests are a biodiversity hotspot, harboring a wide variety of flora and fauna, many of which are endemic to this ecoregion.

The Guianan Savanna: A Mosaic of Grasslands and Tepui Wonders

The Guianan savanna is a diverse ecoregion in South America, spanning Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and parts of northern Brazil. It is a unique mosaic of upland plains, forests, and sandstone formations embedded within the tropical rainforest landscape of the Guiana Shield. The savanna showcases a rich tapestry of endemic species and is a testament to the incredible diversity of ecosystems within the Neotropics.