Ecoregions of Venezuela

Exploring the Enchanting Catatumbo Moist Forests: A Treasure of Colombia and Venezuela

A natural wonder of unparalleled beauty and ecological significance lies along the border between Colombia and Venezuela—the Catatumbo moist forests ecoregion. This enchanting landscape, spanning lush valleys, towering mountains, and winding rivers, captivates the imagination with its rich biodiversity and breathtaking vistas. From its dense rainforests to its mist-shrouded cloud forests, this diverse ecoregion offers a glimpse into a world teeming with life and wonder.

Orinoco Wetlands: A Mosaic of Flooded Grasslands and Deltaic Wonders

The Orinoco wetlands ecoregion, north of the Orinoco River Delta in northeastern Venezuela, is a remarkable mosaic of flooded grasslands, mangroves, swamp forests, moist forests, and llanos (savannas). This vast ecoregion belongs to the Orinoco River, which has deposited sediments over thousands of years, forming the intricate delta and alluvial landscapes that characterize the region.

The Guajira-Barranquilla Xeric Scrub: An Arid Wonderland on the Caribbean Coast

Nestled along the Caribbean coastlines of northern Venezuela and Colombia, the Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub ecoregion is a unique and remarkable xerophytic (dry-adapted) enclave within the Neotropics. This arid habitat, proposed as a bird center of endemism, is dominated by thorn scrub and succulent vegetation, starkly contrasting the lush tropical landscapes that characterize much of the region.

The Guianan Highlands Moist Forests: A Tapestry of Rainforests and Savannas on the Ancient Guiana Shield

The Guianan Highlands moist forests ecoregion is a captivating and unique landscape in northern South America. This region is a mosaic of rainforests, savannas, and gallery forests covering parts of Venezuela, Guyana, Brazil, Suriname, French Guiana, and Colombia. Sitting on the ancient Guiana Shield, this ecoregion is a testament to the geological forces that have shaped it over millions of years, creating a remarkable biodiverse ecosystem.

The Guianan Moist Forests: A Vast and Pristine Rainforest Expanse in Northeastern South America

Stretching across the northeastern coast of South America, the Guianan moist forests ecoregion is one of the world's most extensive tracts of relatively pristine lowland tropical rainforests. This vast expanse of verdant wilderness spans the Guianas—Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana—and parts of eastern Venezuela and northern Brazil. The Guianan moist forests are a biodiversity hotspot, harboring a wide variety of flora and fauna, many of which are endemic to this ecoregion.

The Guianan Savanna: A Mosaic of Grasslands and Tepui Wonders

The Guianan savanna is a diverse ecoregion in South America, spanning Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and parts of northern Brazil. It is a unique mosaic of upland plains, forests, and sandstone formations embedded within the tropical rainforest landscape of the Guiana Shield. The savanna showcases a rich tapestry of endemic species and is a testament to the incredible diversity of ecosystems within the Neotropics.

The Mystical Pantepui: A Realm of Towering Tepuis and Exceptional Biodiversity

The Pantepui forests and shrublands ecoregion is located in the Guiana Highlands of northern South America. This region is home to over 50 tabletop mountains, called tepuis, with isolated sandstone plateaus and summits on almost vertical escarpments. This remarkable area has ancient geological formations, stunning waterfalls, and diverse flora and fauna.

The Orinoco Delta Swamp Forests: A Wetland Wonderland

Nestled along the northeastern coast of Venezuela and extending into Guyana, the Orinoco Delta Swamp Forests ecoregion is a remarkable tapestry of flooded forests, wetlands, and meandering waterways. This vast expanse of inundated landscapes, stretching from the southern reaches of the Paria Peninsula to the Waini River, is a testament to nature's resilience and adaptability.

The Venezuelan Andes Montane Forests: A Biological Treasure Trove

Nestled within the northern arm of the Venezuelan Andes, a northeastern branch of the mighty Andes Mountains system, lies the Venezuelan Andes montane forests ecoregion – a verdant tapestry of towering peaks, misty cloud forests, and a staggering array of plant and animal life. This unique ecosystem, separated from the Eastern Andes of Colombia by the Tachira depression, is a true gem, a testament to the incredible biodiversity that thrives in the heart of South America.