Ecoregions of Mexico

Central American Dry Forests: Navigating the Diversity Amidst the Dry Seasons

The Central American dry forests ecoregion, spanning Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, is a crucial transitional zone between the lush tropical rainforests and the arid deserts. This unique region along the Pacific Coast, from southern Chiapas to Guanacaste, exhibits a delicate balance of life in the face of a prolonged dry season.

Central American Montane Forests: Guardians of Biodiversity in the High Elevations

The Central American montane forests ecoregion is a collection of forest patches scattered across Central America's highest mountains. This region is ecologically significant and exhibits unique adaptations. It stretches from southern Mexico through Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua and showcases diverse vegetation and wildlife on the elevated canvas of the region.

Central American Pine-Oak Forests: A Haven of Biodiversity and Conservation Challenges

Nestled between the highland cloud forests and the lowland rainforests of northern Central America, the Central American pine-oak forests ecoregion unfolds as a diverse tapestry supporting a rich assortment of conifer species. Spanning across the mid-elevations of Mexico's Chiapas, southern Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and small portions of west-central Nicaragua, this region is a vital habitat for various flora and fauna.

Ecological Riches of the Sierra Madre Oriental Pine-Oak Forests

The Sierra Madre Oriental Pine-Oak Forests represent a critical component of Mexico’s diverse ecological landscape. Stretching along the eastern side of the Sierra Madre Oriental mountain range, these forests are known for their rich biodiversity and unique environmental characteristics. The varied altitudes, climate conditions, and soil types foster a complex and dynamic ecosystem.

Marismas Nacionales Lagoon System: Marismas Nacionales–San Blas Mangrove Ecoregion (Mexico)

The Marismas Nacionales Lagoon System is a significant coastal wetland located on the Pacific coast of northwest Mexico and a substantial and crucial mangrove ecosystem. The Marismas Nacionales–San Blas mangrove ecoregion is renowned for its rich biodiversity and ecological significance.

The Baja California Desert: Nurturing Life in Aridity

The Baja California Desert is located within the Mexican states of Baja California Sur and Baja California Norte, on the western side of the Peninsular Ranges in the northern and central Baja California Peninsula. Situated between the Pacific Ocean to the west and cradled by the Peninsular Ranges to the east, the Baja California Desert is a geographical mosaic and a dynamic display of biodiversity and resilience.

The Lush Heart of Mexico: The Sierra Madre Evergreen Forests

The Sierra Madre evergreen forests in western Mexico are known for their year-round greenery and diverse flora and fauna. They cover various altitudes, climates, and habitats and are home to unique plant and animal species. The evergreen forests, thriving on the slopes of the Sierra Madre Occidental and Oriental mountain ranges, support a remarkable array of plant and animal species, many of which are endemic to the region.

The Pantanos de Centla: A Vital Biological Corridor in Southern Mexico

The Pantanos de Centla is a tropical moist forest region in southern Mexico, spanning the states of Tabasco and Campeche and serving as a biological corridor between them. This unique ecoregion is characterized by its year-round wetlands, freshwater swamp forests, and diverse ecosystems, including riparian habitats and moist forests.

The Petenes Mangrove Ecoregion: A Unique Wetland Ecosystem

Mangrove ecosystems are among Earth's most productive and biologically diverse habitats, providing vital ecological services and supporting a rich array of plant and animal life. The Petenes mangrove ecoregion in the western Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico is a unique and extraordinary example of these coastal wetlands. The Petenes mangroves are a biodiversity hotspot, harboring endemic and migratory species.

The Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir Pine-Oak Forests: A Coniferous Oasis in Northern Baja California

Nestled within the northern reaches of the Baja California Peninsula in northwestern Mexico, the Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir Pine-Oak Forests ecoregion is a remarkable temperate coniferous forest biome. This relatively small ecosystem is a unique western counterpart to the "sky islands" found in northern Mexico and southwestern Arizona, rising from the surrounding desert landscapes as an elevational oasis of diverse and endemic species.